Types of Roofing

Whether you’re getting ready to build a new home or need new roofing for an apartment complex or commercial building, it’s important to go back to the basics and think about the types of roofing before even considering the material.

Not sure where to start? This is where professional roofing contractors in Gaithersburg (like Shanco Companies) come in. Knowing a little bit about the different types of roofing is helpful, so continue reading to learn more!

Types of Roofing: Gable

The most common type of roof for residential projects, a gable roof is the sloped roof you see on the majority of homes. Gable roofs typically have a 20-40 degree angle gradation – the gables angle downward to create a triangular roof. Gable roofing is extremely popular for all types of homes.

A gable roof:

  • Helps with water runoff and is beneficial for areas that get a lot of rain and snow
  • Creates additional space on the top level of the home (perfect for those who want to convert their attic into livable space!)

Types of Roofing: Hip

A hip roof is also a great residential roofing option and offers a more rounded shape than a gable roof (though on hip roofs, gables are sometimes used at the front entrance points). All sides of a hip roof slope down and usually have the same pitch or slope. Hip roofs are commonly seen on bungalows and cottages and complement a wide variety of architecture and styles, particularly American Foursquare. There are a few variations of a gable roof, such as mansard roofing, tented roofing and gablet (Dutch gable) roofing, which is a combination of a hip roof with a smaller gabled section on top.

A hip roof:

  • Protects your home against high winds
  • Is ideal in coastal areas that get a lot of hurricanes

Types of Roofing: A-Frame

An A-frame roof, though not as common for residential uses, can often be found on churches and other commercial buildings.

As the name suggests, these types of roofs are found on A-frame style homes, which resemble Swiss chalets. A-frame roofs are characterized by a triangular shape and slope steeply almost to the ground.

An A-frame roof:

  • Allows for room at the top of the house for lofts or storage
  • Prevents snow from accumulating on top of your home and causing damage

Types of Roofing: Gambrel

Gambrel roofing is often found on homes with distinct era architecture and can add unique beauty to any structure. It is ridged and has two slopes on either side – a steeper one on top and, below that, a shallow one. Gambrel roofing is often found on barns and homes with Georgian and Colonial style architecture.

A gambrel roof:

  • Offers protection against high winds
  • Maximizes space at the top of your home (for lofts, storage, attic conversions, etc.)

Types of Roofing: Flat

You don’t see flat roofing on a lot of homes, but many apartment buildings, offices spaces, libraries, and other commercial buildings have flat roofs. Most flat roofs are actually pitched 1/8 to 1/2 inches per foot to allow for proper drainage.

A flat roof is:

  • A great option in areas that don’t get a lot of snow
  • The safest type of roofing to walk on (there are often pools and gardens on flat roofs!)

Learn more about flat roofing.

Roofing Contractors in Gaithersburg

Whether you have questions about the different types of roofing or are ready to install new roofing, Shanco has you covered. Located in Gaithersburg, our experienced roofers have provided roofing services for homeowners throughout Montgomery County, Maryland and the DC Metropolitan area for over 20 years. Contact us today to learn more!



see what our happy customers are saying

"Our roofing repair went fantastic! Shanco's roofing installation crews were very neat. We didn’t know anyone was here when they cleaned up after the job."

-Gaithersburg, Maryland


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